Sunday, October 14, 2012

Students and the City

Eitan Bluer

In recent years the Municipality of Jerusalem and the Jerusalem Development Authority have been making great efforts to attract students to the city, to study and to settle down and live in Jerusalem upon completion of their studies. The number of students enrolled in institutions for higher education in Jerusalem has been increasing over the years. During 2010-2011 approximately 36,500 students studied in Jerusalem, constituting 15% of all the students in Israel, an increase of 3% over 2009-2010, when 35,600 students studied in Jerusalem, and an increase of 26% over 1999-2000. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem is the higher education institution with the greatest number of students in the city. This number stood at 20,400 in 2010-2011 and constituted 56% of all the students in higher education institutions in Jerusalem. A total of 10,800 studied at academic colleges in the city (30%), and 5,300 at teacher-training colleges (14%). Of all the students enrolled in higher education institutions in Jerusalem during 2010-2011, 34% resided in the city, 6% resided in other localities within the Jerusalem District, 18% resided in the Central District, 12% in the Judea and Samaria District, 9% in the Tel Aviv District, 5% in the Haifa District, and the rest (15%) in the northern and southern peripheries.

The students who reside in Jerusalem can be divided on the basis of whether they attend higher education institutions within the city or outside of the city. The number of students who resided in Jerusalem in 2010-2011 measured 22,100. Of these, 12,300 students resided and studied in Jerusalem, while the rest (9,800 students residing in Jerusalem) attended higher education institutions outside of Jerusalem. Bachelor’s degree (first degree) students who resided in Jerusalem tended towards the humanities more than the general population of students in the country. The percentage of students who resided in Jerusalem during 2010-2011 and studied subjects within the humanities measured 36%, higher than the percentage for Israel (26%). In contrast, the percentage of students who resided in Jerusalem and studied subjects within the social sciences (27%) was lower than the average for Israel (34%). 

Source: Analysis of data from the Central Bureau of Statistics

Thursday, October 11, 2012

Which City Has the Most Construction?

Yair Assaf-Shapira

Recently Israel’s Central Bureau of Statistics and Ministry of Interior Affairs released the annual publication “Local Authorities,” making it possible to draw comparisons among the various local authorities in Israel along several dimensions. One of these dimensions is construction. The data here relate to the year 2010 and include municipalities and local councils.

The authority with the largest number of housing units whose construction was completed was Jerusalem, where 1,810 apartments were built. More than 1,000 apartments were constructed in three additional authorities: Netanya (1,530), Tel Aviv-Jaffa (1,520), and Petah Tikva (1,030).

Although Jerusalem has the greatest number of apartments among the authorities, the picture changes when the Jerusalem region is compared to the Tel Aviv region. While in the Tel Aviv region – defined as the Tel Aviv and Central Districts – a total of 13,940 apartments were constructed (51% of all apartments whose construction was completed), in the Jerusalem region – defined as the Jerusalem and Judea and Samaria Districts – only 3,460 apartments were constructed (13%). Moreover, in the Judea and Samaria District – defined as the environs of Jerusalem – only about half the apartments constructed were in the immediate vicinity of the city. It appears, therefore, that there is a concentration of construction in the center of the country. This is also apparent if we examine the correlation between completion of construction of apartments and the distance from the boundaries of Tel Aviv-Jaffa. Sixty-six percent of all apartments were within a distance of 50 kilometers from the boundaries of Tel Aviv.

It is also important to examine the number of apartments completed in correlation to the number of existing apartments within the local authorities. This examination indicates the extent of change that a region is undergoing. A comparison found that in Jerusalem, 9 apartments were completed for every 1,000 existing housing units – slightly more than in Tel Aviv-Jaffa (8). Overall, the localities surrounding the city are undergoing more dramatic changes than the city itself. For example, in Givat Ze’ev, 49 apartments were constructed for every 1,000 existing apartments, 24 in Ma’ale Adumim, 18 in Beit-Shemesh, and 13 in Abu-Gosh. Exceptions were Beitar Illit and Mevasseret Zion, where 4 and 2 apartments (respectively) were constructed for every 1,000 existing apartments.

Source of data:  “Local Authorities in Israel,” Central Bureau of Statistics and Ministry of Interior Affairs